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Ansible 运维自动化 ( 配置管理工具 )
日期:2018-10-25 编辑:AG集&#

Ansible 运维自动化 ( 配置管理工具 )

简介:

当下有许多的运维自动化工具( 配置管理 ),例如:Ansible、SaltStack、Puppet、Fabric 等。

Ansible 一种集成 IT 系统的配置管理、应用部署、执行特定任务的开源平台,是 AnsibleWorks 公司名下的项目,该公司由 Cobbler 及 Func 的作者于 2012 年创建成立。

Ansible 基于 Python 语言实现,由 Paramiko 和 PyYAML 两个关键模块构建。

Ansible 特点:

>> 部署简单,只需在主控端部署 Ansible 环境,被控端无需做任何操作。
>> 默认使用 SSH(Secure Shell)协议对设备进行管理。
>> 主从集中化管理。
>> 配置简单、功能强大、扩展性强。
>> 支持 API 及自定义模块,可通过 Python 轻松扩展。
>> 通过 Playbooks 来定制强大的配置、状态管理。
>> 对云计算平台、大数据都有很好的支持。
>> 提供一个功能强大、操作性强的 Web 管理界面和 REST API 接口 ---- AWX 平台。

Ansible 与 SaltStack

>> 最大的区别是 Ansible 无需在被监控AG环亚娱乐部署任何客户端代理,默认通过 SSH 通道进行远程命令执行或下发配置。
>> 相同点是都具备功能强大、灵活的系统管理、状态配置,都使用 YAML 格式来描述配置,两者都提供丰富的模板及 API,对云计算平台、大数据都有很好的支持。

一、安装 Ansible

shell > yum -y install ansible

二、配置 Ansible

shell > ls /etc/ansible   # ansible.cfg 是 Ansible 工具的配置文件;hosts 用来配置被管理的机器;roles 是一个目录,playbook 将使用它
ansible.cfg hosts roles

1、Ansible 管理机与被管理机做秘钥认证

shell > ssh-keygen        # 生成秘钥
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa): 
Created directory '/root/.ssh'.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
ea:11:72:ea:d2:d1:fa:1c:e0:df:4f:b0:98:31:be:fe [email protected]
The key's randomart image is:
+--[ RSA 2048]----+
| |
| |
| |
| |
| o.= S |
| ..*.B o |
| .ooB . . |
| ..o+ = . |
| ..oB.E.. |
+-----------------+

shell > ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub "-p 22 [email protected]"     # 将公钥写入被管理机
The authenticity of host '192.168.12.129 (192.168.12.129)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is f0:9e:01:73:a4:bf:14:10:ac:46:a9:48:cd:c5:d8:1c.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '192.168.12.129' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
[email protected]192.168.12.129's password: 
Now try logging into the machine, with "ssh '-p 22 [email protected]'", and check in:

.ssh/authorized_keys

to make sure we haven't added extra keys that you weren't expecting.

2、hosts 文件添加被管理机

shell > > /etc/ansible/hosts
shell > vim /etc/ansible/hosts

[Client]

192.168.12.129

三、测试 Ansible

shell > ansible Client -m ping     # 操作 Client 组 ( all 为操作 hosts 文件中所有AG环亚娱乐 ),-m 指定执行 ping 模块,下面是返回结果
192.168.12.129 | SUCCESS => {
"changed": false, 
"ping": "pong"
}

# -i          指定 hosts 文件位置
# -u username 指定 SSH 连接的用户名
# -k          指定远程用户密码
# -f          指定并发数
# -s          如需要 root 权限执行时使用 ( 连接用户不是 root 时 )
# -K          -s 时,-K 输入 root 密码

四、附加

1、/etc/ansible/hosts 文件

## Ansible 定义AG环亚娱乐、组规则的配置文件

shell > vim /etc/ansible/hosts

www.abc.com     # 定义域名

192.168.1.100   # 定义 IP

192.168.1.150:37268   # 指定端口号

[WebServer]           # 定义分组

192.168.1.10
192.168.1.20
192.168.1.30

[DBServer]            # 定义多个分组

192.168.1.50
192.168.1.60

Monitor ansible_ssh_port=12378 ansible_ssh_host=192.168.1.200   # 定义别名

# ansible_ssh_host 连接目标AG环亚娱乐的地址

# ansible_ssh_port 连接目标AG环亚娱乐的端口,默认 22 时无需指定

# ansible_ssh_user 连接目标AG环亚娱乐默认用户

# ansible_ssh_pass 连接目标AG环亚娱乐默认用户密码

# ansible_ssh_connection 目标AG环亚娱乐连接类型,可以是 local 、ssh 或 paramiko

# ansible_ssh_private_key_file 连接目标AG环亚娱乐的 ssh 私钥

# ansible_*_interpreter 指定采用非 Python 的其他脚本语言,如 Ruby 、Perl 或其他类似 ansible_python_interpreter 解释器

[webservers]         # AG环亚娱乐名支持正则描述

www[01:50].example.com

[dbservers]

db-[a:f].example.com

2、Ansible 常用模块学习

shell > ansible-doc -l    # 列出 Ansible 支持的模块

shell > ansible-doc ping  # 查看该模块帮助信息

>> 远程命令模块( command / script / shell )

command 作为 Ansible 的默认模块,可以运行远程权限范围所有的 shell 命令,不支持管道符。

例:

shell > ansible Client -m command -a "free -m"               # 查看 Client 分组AG环亚娱乐内存使用情况

script 的功能是在远程AG环亚娱乐执行主控端存储的 shell 脚本文件,相当于 scp + shell 组合。

例:

shell > ansible Client -m script -a "/home/test.sh 12 34"    # 远程执行本地脚本

shell 的功能���执行远程AG环亚娱乐上的 shell 脚本文件,支持管道符。

例:

shell > ansible Client -m shell -a "/home/test.sh"           # 执行远程脚本

>> copy 模块(实现主控端向目标AG环亚娱乐拷贝文件,类似于 scp 功能)

例:

shell > ansible Client -m copy -a "src=/home/test.sh desc=/tmp/ owner=root group=root mode=0755"   # 向 Client 组中AG环亚娱乐拷贝 test.sh 到 /tmp 下,属主、组为 root ,权限为 0755

>> stat 模块(获取远程文件状态信息,atime/ctime/mtime/md5/uid/gid 等信息)

例:

shell > ansible Client -m stat -a "path=/etc/syctl.conf"

>> get_url 模块(实现在远程AG环亚娱乐下载指定 URL 到本地,支持 sha256sum 文件校验)

例:

shell > ansible Client -m get_utl -a "url=http://www.baidu.com dest=/tmp/index.html mode=0440 force=yes"

>> yum 模块(软件包管理)

例:

shell > ansible Client -m yum -a "name=curl state=latest"

>> cron 模块(远程AG环亚娱乐 crontab 配置)

例:

shell > ansible Client -m cron -a "name='check dirs' hour='5,2' job='ls -alh > /dev/null'"

效果:

#Ansible: check dirs
* 5,2 * * * ls -alh > /dev/null

>> mount 模块(远程AG环亚娱乐分区挂载)

例:

shell > ansible Client -m mount -a "name=/mnt/data src=/dev/sd0 fstype=ext4 opts=ro state=present"

>> service 模块(远程AG环亚娱乐系统服务管理)

例:

shell > ansible Client -m service -a "name=nginx state=stoped"
shell > ansible Client -m service -a "name=nginx state=restarted"
shell > ansible Client -m service -a "name=nginx state=reloaded"

>> user 服务模块(远程AG环亚娱乐用户管理)

例:

shell > ansible Client -m user -a "name=wang comment='user wang'"

shell > ansible Client -m user -a "name=wang state=absent remove=yes"    # 添加删除用户

五、Ansible-playbook

# 使用 Ansible-playbook 可以完成一组复杂的动作,例如部署环境、搭建服务、修改配置等。

简单示例:

shell > vim /etc/ansible/playbook.yml    # 将远程AG环亚娱乐IP地址写入文件中保存

---
- hosts: Client
remote_user: root
tasks:
- name: Save IP To info.txt
shell: "ifconfig eth0 | awk -F '[ :]'+ '/inet addr/{print $4}' > ~/info.txt"

# hosts        指定执行操作AG环亚娱乐
# remote_user  指定执行用户
# tasks        指明有哪些动作
# name         动作描述
# shell        模块,后面为具体指令

Playbook 实战:

一、目录结构

shell > cd /etc/ansible/ ; tree .
.
├── ansible.cfg
├── delete_zabbix_agent.yml
├── hosts
├── install_zabbix_agent.yml
└── roles
    ├── delete_zabbix_agent
    │   ├── tasks
    │   │   └── main.yml
    │   └── vars
    │       └── main.yml
    └── install_zabbix_agent
        ├── files
        │   └── zabbix-2.4.5.tar.gz
        ├── tasks
        │   └── main.yml
        ├── templates
        │   ├── zabbix_agentd
        │   └── zabbix_agentd.conf
        └── vars
             └── main.yml

## ansible.cfg  此文件为 ansible 的主配置文件
## hosts        用于定义AG环亚娱乐组
## roles        定义不同的角色
## install_zabbix_agent.yml  用于安装 zabbix_agent 的引导文件
## delete_zabbix_agent.yml   删除已安装的 zabbix_agent 的引导文件

    └── install_zabbix_agent
        ├── files
        │   └── zabbix-2.4.5.tar.gz
        ├── tasks
        │   └── main.yml
        ├── templates
        │   ├── zabbix_agentd
        │   └── zabbix_agentd.conf
        └── vars
             └── main.yml

## 其中,install_zabbix_agent 为一个角色,用于安装 zabbix_agent

## file      目录:用于存放将要拷贝到远程AG环亚娱乐的安装包等
## tasks     目录:将要执行的所有任务,如果比较复杂,可以单独定义不同的任务,最后在 main.yml 文件中引用即可
## templates 目录:模板目录,这里存放着一些可变的文件,即:每台AG环亚娱乐上的这些文件中的内容都不完全相同
## vars      目录:用于存放变量

## 这是一个比较简单的结构,其实一个角色中还可以有 meta 、handlers 等

二、Playbook 安装软件需要的步骤

1、定义 hosts( 给哪些AG环亚娱乐安装软件 )

shell > vim /etc/ansible/hosts

[mini]

129.139.153.78:16283
155.139.190.94:12573

2、定义入口文件 install_zabbix_agent.yml

shell > vim /etc/ansible/install_zabbix_agent.yml

---
- hosts: mini
  roles:
  - install_zabbix_agent

## 可以看到将要安装的AG环亚娱乐组为 mini 组,角色为 install_zabbix_agent

3、定义角色 install_zabbix_agent

shell > tree /etc/ansible/roles/install_zabbix_agent/

├── files
│    └── zabbix-2.4.5.tar.gz
├── tasks
│    └── main.yml
├── templates
│    ├── zabbix_agentd
│    └── zabbix_agentd.conf
└── vars
      └── main.yml

## 建立 files     目录,存放编译安装过的 zabbix_agent 目录的压缩文件,用于拷贝到远程AG环亚娱乐
## 建立 tasks     目录,用于编写将要执行的任务
## 建立 templates 目录,用于存放可变的模板文件
## 建立 vars      目录,用于存放变量信息
  --------------------------------------分割线 --------------------------------------
shell > cat /etc/ansible/roles/install_zabbix_agent/tasks/main.yml

---
  - name: Install Software
    yum: name={{ item }} state=latest
    with_items:
      - libcurl-devel
  - name: Create Zabbix User
    user: name={{ zabbix_user }} state=present createhome=no shell=/sbin/nologin
  - name: Copy Zabbix.tar.gz
    copy: src=zabbix-{{ zabbix_version }}.tar.gz dest={{ zabbix_dir }}/src/zabbix-{{ zabbix_version }}.tar.gz owner=root group=root
  - name: Uncompression Zabbix.tar.gz
    shell: tar zxf {{ zabbix_dir }}/src/zabbix-{{ zabbix_version }}.tar.gz -C {{ zabbix_dir }}/
  - name: Copy Zabbix Start Script
    template: src=zabbix_agentd dest=/etc/init.d/zabbix_agentd owner=root group=root mode=0755
  - name: Copy Zabbix Config File
    template: src=zabbix_agentd.conf dest={{ zabbix_dir }}/zabbix/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf owner={{ zabbix_user }} group={{ zabbix_user }} mode=0644
  - name: Modify Zabbix Dir Permisson
    file: path={{ zabbix_dir }}/zabbix owner={{ zabbix_user }} group={{ zabbix_user }} mode=0755 recurse=yes
  - name: Start Zabbix Service
    shell: /etc/init.d/zabbix_agentd start
  - name: Add Boot Start Zabbix Service
    shell: chkconfig --level 35 zabbix_agentd on
  --------------------------------------分割线 --------------------------------------
shell > cat /etc/ansible/roles/install_zabbix_agent/vars/main.yml

zabbix_dir: /usr/local
zabbix_version: 2.4.5
zabbix_user: zabbix
zabbix_port: 10050
zabbix_server_ip: 131.142.101.120
  --------------------------------------分割线 --------------------------------------
shell > cat /etc/ansible/roles/install_zabbix_agent/templates/zabbix_agentd

#!/bin/bash
#
# chkconfig: - 90 10
# description:  Starts and stops Zabbix Agent using chkconfig
#                               Tested on Fedora Core 2 - 5
#                               Should work on all Fedora Core versions
#
# @name:        zabbix_agentd
# @author:      Alexander Hagenah <[email protected]>
# @created:     18.04.2006
#
# Modified for Zabbix 2.0.0
# May 2012, Zabbix SIA
#
# Source function library.
. /etc/init.d/functions

# Variables
# Edit these to match your system settings

        # Zabbix-Directory
        BASEDIR={{ zabbix_dir }}/zabbix

        # Binary File
        BINARY_NAME=zabbix_agentd

        # Full Binary File Call
        FULLPATH=$BASEDIR/sbin/$BINARY_NAME

        # PID file
        PIDFILE=/tmp/$BINARY_NAME.pid

        # Establish args
        ERROR=0
        STOPPING=0

#
# No need to edit the things below
#

# application checking status
if [ -f $PIDFILE  ] && [ -s $PIDFILE ]
        then
        PID=`cat $PIDFILE`

        if [ "x$PID" != "x" ] && kill -0 $PID 2>/dev/null && [ $BINARY_NAME == `ps -e | grep $PID | awk '{print $4}'` ]
        then
                STATUS="$BINARY_NAME (pid `pidof $APP`) running.."
                RUNNING=1
        else
                rm -f $PIDFILE
                STATUS="$BINARY_NAME (pid file existed ($PID) and now removed) not running.."
                RUNNING=0
        fi
else
        if [ `ps -e | grep $BINARY_NAME | head -1 | awk '{ print $1 }'` ]
                then
                STATUS="$BINARY_NAME (pid `pidof $APP`, but no pid file) running.."
        else
                STATUS="$BINARY_NAME (no pid file) not running"
        fi
        RUNNING=0
fi

# functions
start() {
        if [ $RUNNING -eq 1 ]
                then
                echo "$0 $ARG: $BINARY_NAME (pid $PID) already running"
        else
                action $"Starting $BINARY_NAME: " $FULLPATH
                touch /var/lock/subsys/$BINARY_NAME
        fi
}

stop() {
        echo -n $"Shutting down $BINARY_NAME: "
        killproc $BINARY_NAME
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/$BINARY_NAME
        RUNNING=0
}


# logic
case "$1" in
        start)
                start
                ;;
        stop)
                stop
                ;;
        status)
                status $BINARY_NAME
                ;;
        restart)
                stop
                sleep 10
                start
                ;;
        help|*)
                echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|help}"
                cat <<EOF

                        start           - start $BINARY_NAME
                        stop            - stop $BINARY_NAME
                        status          - show current status of $BINARY_NAME
                        restart         - restart $BINARY_NAME if running by sending a SIGHUP or start if not running
                        help            - this screen

EOF
        exit 1
        ;;
esac

exit 0
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
shell > cat /etc/ansible/roles/install_zabbix_agent/templates/zabbix_agentd.conf

# This is a config file for the Zabbix agent daemon (Unix)
# To get more information about Zabbix, visit http://www.zabbix.com

############ GENERAL PARAMETERS #################

### Option: PidFile
#       Name of PID file.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# PidFile=/tmp/zabbix_agentd.pid

### Option: LogFile
#       Name of log file.
#       If not set, syslog is used.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# LogFile=

LogFile=/tmp/zabbix_agentd.log

### Option: LogFileSize
#       Maximum size of log file in MB.
#       0 - disable automatic log rotation.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1024
# Default:
# LogFileSize=1

### Option: DebugLevel
#       Specifies debug level
#       0 - basic information about starting and stopping of Zabbix processes
#       1 - critical information
#       2 - error information
#       3 - warnings
#       4 - for debugging (produces lots of information)
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-4
# Default:
# DebugLevel=3

### Option: SourceIP
#       Source IP address for outgoing connections.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# SourceIP=

### Option: EnableRemoteCommands
#       Whether remote commands from Zabbix server are allowed.
#       0 - not allowed
#       1 - allowed
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# EnableRemoteCommands=0

### Option: LogRemoteCommands
#       Enable logging of executed shell commands as warnings.
#       0 - disabled
#       1 - enabled
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# LogRemoteCommands=0

##### Passive checks related

### Option: Server
#       List of comma delimited IP addresses (or hostnames) of Zabbix servers.
#       Incoming connections will be accepted only from the hosts listed here.
#       If IPv6 support is enabled then '127.0.0.1', '::127.0.0.1', '::ffff:127.0.0.1' are treated equally.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# Server=

Server={{ zabbix_server_ip }}

### Option: ListenPort
#       Agent will listen on this port for connections from the server.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1024-32767
# Default:
# ListenPort=10050
ListenPort={{ zabbix_port }}

### Option: ListenIP
#       List of comma delimited IP addresses that the agent should listen on.
#       First IP address is sent to Zabbix server if connecting to it to retrieve list of active checks.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# ListenIP=0.0.0.0

### Option: StartAgents
#       Number of pre-forked instances of zabbix_agentd that process passive checks.
#       If set to 0, disables passive checks and the agent will not listen on any TCP port.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-100
# Default:
# StartAgents=3

##### Active checks related

### Option: ServerActive
#       List of comma delimited IP:port (or hostname:port) pairs of Zabbix servers for active checks.
#       If port is not specified, default port is used.
#       IPv6 addresses must be enclosed in square brackets if port for that host is specified.
#       If port is not specified, square brackets for IPv6 addresses are optional.
#       If this parameter is not specified, active checks are disabled.
#       Example: ServerActive=127.0.0.1:20051,zabbix.domain,[::1]:30051,::1,[12fc::1]
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# ServerActive=

#ServerActive=127.0.0.1:10051

### Option: Hostname
#       Unique, case sensitive hostname.
#       Required for active checks and must match hostname as configured on the server.
#       Value is acquired from HostnameItem if undefined.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# Hostname=

Hostname={{ ansible_all_ipv4_addresses[1] }}

### Option: HostnameItem
#       Item used for generating Hostname if it is undefined. Ignored if Hostname is defined.
#       Does not support UserParameters or aliases.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# HostnameItem=system.hostname

### Option: HostMetadata
#       Optional parameter that defines host metadata.
#       Host metadata is used at host auto-registration process.
#       An agent will issue an error and not start if the value is over limit of 255 characters.
#       If not defined, value will be acquired from HostMetadataItem.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-255 characters
# Default:
# HostMetadata=

### Option: HostMetadataItem
#       Optional parameter that defines an item used for getting host metadata.
#       Host metadata is used at host auto-registration process.
#       During an auto-registration request an agent will log a warning message if
#       the value returned by specified item is over limit of 255 characters.
#       This option is only used when HostMetadata is not defined.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# HostMetadataItem=

### Option: RefreshActiveChecks
#       How often list of active checks is refreshed, in seconds.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 60-3600
# Default:
# RefreshActiveChecks=120

### Option: BufferSend
#       Do not keep data longer than N seconds in buffer.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-3600
# Default:
# BufferSend=5

### Option: BufferSize
#       Maximum number of values in a memory buffer. The agent will send
#       all collected data to Zabbix Server or Proxy if the buffer is full.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 2-65535
# Default:
# BufferSize=100

### Option: MaxLinesPerSecond
#       Maximum number of new lines the agent will send per second to Zabbix Server
#       or Proxy processing 'log' and 'logrt' active checks.
#       The provided value will be overridden by the parameter 'maxlines',
#       provided in 'log' or 'logrt' item keys.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-1000
# Default:
# MaxLinesPerSecond=100

############ ADVANCED PARAMETERS #################

### Option: Alias
#       Sets an alias for an item key. It can be used to substitute long and complex item key with a smaller and simpler one.
#       Multiple Alias parameters may be present. Multiple parameters with the same Alias key are not allowed.
#       Different Alias keys may reference the same item key.
#       For example, to retrieve the ID of user 'zabbix':
#       Alias=zabbix.userid:vfs.file.regexp[/etc/passwd,^zabbix:.:([0-9]+),,,,\1]
#       Now shorthand key zabbix.userid may be used to retrieve data.
#       Aliases can be used in HostMetadataItem but not in HostnameItem parameters.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range:
# Default:

### Option: Timeout
#       Spend no more than Timeout seconds on processing
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-30
# Default:
Timeout=20

### Option: AllowRoot
#       Allow the agent to run as 'root'. If disabled and the agent is started by 'root', the agent
#       will try to switch to the user specified by the User configuration option instead.
#       Has no effect if started under a regular user.
#       0 - do not allow
#       1 - allow
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# AllowRoot=0

### Option: User
#       Drop privileges to a specific, existing user on the system.
#       Only has effect if run as 'root' and AllowRoot is disabled.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# User=zabbix

### Option: Include
#       You may include individual files or all files in a directory in the configuration file.
#       Installing Zabbix will create include directory in /usr/local/etc, unless modified during the compile time.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# Include=

# Include=/usr/local/etc/zabbix_agentd.userparams.conf
# Include=/usr/local/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d/
# Include=/usr/local/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d/*.conf

####### USER-DEFINED MONITORED PARAMETERS #######

### Option: UnsafeUserParameters
#       Allow all characters to be passed in arguments to user-defined parameters.
#       0 - do not allow
#       1 - allow
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1
# Default:
UnsafeUserParameters=1

### Option: UserParameter
#       User-defined parameter to monitor. There can be several user-defined parameters.
#       Format: UserParameter=<key>,<shell command>
#       See 'zabbix_agentd' directory for examples.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# UserParameter=

####### LOADABLE MODULES #######

### Option: LoadModulePath
#       Full path to location of agent modules.
#       Default depends on compilation options.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# LoadModulePath=${libdir}/modules

### Option: LoadModule
#       Module to load at agent startup. Modules are used to extend functionality of the agent.
#       Format: LoadModule=<module.so>
#       The modules must be located in directory specified by LoadModulePath.
#       It is allowed to include multiple LoadModule parameters.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# LoadModule=

4、执行安装

shell > ansible-playbook /etc/ansible/install_zabbix_agent.yml

PLAY [mini] *******************************************************************

GATHERING FACTS ***************************************************************
ok: [129.139.153.78]
ok: [155.139.190.94]

TASK: [install_zabbix_agent | Install Software] *******************************
changed: [155.139.190.94] => (item=libcurl-devel)
changed: [129.139.153.78] => (item=libcurl-devel)

TASK: [install_zabbix_agent | Create Zabbix User] *****************************
changed: [129.139.153.78]
changed: [155.139.190.94]

TASK: [install_zabbix_agent | Copy Zabbix.tar.gz] *****************************
changed: [129.139.153.78]
changed: [155.139.190.94]

TASK: [install_zabbix_agent | Uncompression Zabbix.tar.gz] ********************
changed: [129.139.153.78]
changed: [155.139.190.94]

TASK: [install_zabbix_agent | Copy Zabbix Start Script] ***********************
changed: [155.139.190.94]
changed: [129.139.153.78]

TASK: [install_zabbix_agent | Copy Zabbix Config File] ************************
changed: [129.139.153.78]
changed: [155.139.190.94]

TASK: [install_zabbix_agent | Modify Zabbix Dir Permisson] ********************
changed: [155.139.190.94]
changed: [129.139.153.78]

TASK: [install_zabbix_agent | Start Zabbix Service] ***************************
changed: [129.139.153.78]
changed: [155.139.190.94]

TASK: [install_zabbix_agent | Add Boot Start Zabbix Service] ******************
changed: [129.139.153.78]
changed: [155.139.190.94]

PLAY RECAP ********************************************************************
155.139.190.94               : ok=10   changed=9    unreachable=0    failed=0
129.139.153.78               : ok=10   changed=9    unreachable=0    failed=0

## 关注一下,启动脚本跟配置文件中变量的引用。
## 完成安装,可以去客户机检查效果了 !
 

附上:delete_zabbix_agent.yml 相关内容

shell > vim /etc/ansible/delete_zabbix_agent.yml

---
- hosts: mini
  roles:
  - delete_zabbix_agent

shell > vim /etc/ansible/roles/delete_zabbix_agent/tasks/main.yml

---
- name: Stop Zabbix_agent
  shell: pgrep zabbix_agentd | xargs kill
  ignore_errors: yes
- name: Delete Boot Start
  shell: chkconfig --del zabbix_agentd
- name: Delete Start Script
  shell: rm -rf /etc/init.d/zabbix_agentd
- name: Delete Install Dir
  shell: rm -rf {{ zabbix_dir }}/zabbix
- name: Delete Software
  shell: rm -rf {{ zabbix_dir }}/src/zabbix-{{ zabbix_version }}.tar.gz
- name: Delete Log File
  shell: rm -rf /tmp/zabbix_agentd.log
- name: Delete Zabbix User
  user: name={{ zabbix_user }} state=absent remove=yes

shell > vim /etc/ansible/roles/delete_zabbix_agent/vars/main.yml

zabbix_dir: /usr/local
zabbix_version: 2.4.5
zabbix_user: zabbix
 

# End

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